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2008 Martti Ahtisaari

     
     
     
Geuzen Medal 2008 for President Martti Ahtisaari


Her Majesty the Queen was present at the Award Ceremony.

The Geuzen Medal 2008 has been awarded to former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari on Thursday 13 March in Vlaardingen. Minister Ronald Plasterk of Education, Culture and Science presented the Geuzen Medal to President Ahtisaari.

Ahtisaari is a dedicated and expert mediator in many international conflicts and civil wars.

 

President Martti Oiva Kalevi Ahtisaari (Finland, 1937) is particularly known for his mediation in Namibia, Aceh and Kosovo, leading the transition process in Namibia at the end of the 1980s and facilitating a peace treaty between the Indonesian government and the insurgents in Aceh. From 2005 to 2008, Ahtisaari was regularly in the news because of his plan for the political future of Kosovo.

UN envoy Namibia
In 1973 Ahtisaari was appointed as ambassador of Finland in Tanzania and since 1975 in a number of other African countries. During this period, he made contact with SWAPO, the Namibian liberation movement. Between 1977 and 1981, Ahtisaari served as United Nations Commissioner for Namibia.

Following his later appointment as under-secretary-general of the United Nations in New York, Ahtisaari continued to act as Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Namibia, exploring possibilities for the country’s independence. In 1989, Ahtisaari led a United Nations Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) in Namibia. This successful mission resulted in Namibia holding free elections for the first time at the end of 1989, under the supervision of UNTAG. Namibia became independent on 21 March 1990.

President of Finland
In 1994 Ahtisaari was elected President of Finland, which he remained until 2000. His presidency had a number of important highlights. One of these was Finland’s accession to the European Union, a move supported by 56% of the Finnish population in a referendum. Ahtisaari also arranged a summit between American President Bill Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin. In addition he mediated in the war in Kosovo in 1999. In 2000, Ahtisaari decided not to seek re-election for a second term.

After his presidency
After his presidency, Ahtisaari occupied various positions. In 2000, the British government appointed Ahtisaari to inspect the IRA’s arms’ dump with fellow inspector Cyril Ramaphosa from South Africa. All the positions occupied by Ahtisaari have one thing in common: they promote world peace. His work in this field did not go by unnoticed. On 1 December Ahtisaari was awarded the J. William Fulbright Prize for his work as peacemaker in some of the world’s most troubled areas.

Aceh
One of the most prominent activities of Ahtisaari’s post-presidential period was his mediation in the crisis in Aceh. Ahtisaari’s efforts brought an end to the thirty year war in Aceh during which rebels from the Free Aceh Movement (GAM) had been fighting for independence from Jakarta.

The Tsunami on Boxing Day 2004 also hit Aceh, where over 200,000 people died. It proved to be a turning point. Peace negotiations were started at the end of January 2005. Ahtisaari drew up a treaty which was acceptable to both the GAM and the Indonesian government.

Kosovo
Another important issue in which Ahtisaari played a crucial role was the Kosovo crisis. In november 2005, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan appointed Ahtisaari as Special Envoy for Kosovo. His task was to determine whether Kosovo should become independent or remain a province of Serbia. In early 2007 he accordingly presented a plan. In a 60 page ‘Comprehensive Proposal for the Kosovo Status Settlement’, the UN special envoy set out Kosovo’s path to independence. In the face of Russia's persistent opposition to the separation of Kosovo from Serbia, negotiations faltered in July 2007. On 17 Februar 2008 Kosovo declared independence. The key elements of Ahtisaari's proposal have laid the foundation on which the new structures of Kosovo will be established. 

Crisis Management Initiative
In order to better apply his expertise in the field of world peace, in 2000 Ahtisaari founded
Crisis Management Initiative (CMI), an independent non-profit organisation that promotes and works for sustainable security in the world. Through crisis management and conflict resolution, CMI works to strengthen the capacity of the international community to deal with international disputes, building on wide social and political stakeholder networks in the region. 

 



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